GATE Syllabus for Thermodynamics (XE-E)

GATE Syllabus: Examination needs to be prepared well and to do that one has to have correct syllabus availability. Like when it is an examination of the most known GATE Syllabus then one has to put extra effort, after all it is the matter of one’s career. GATE which is abbreviated for Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is actually an All India examination commenced once a year for testing the understanding in so many undergraduate subjects including Engineering/Technology/Architecture and at the post-graduate level subjects that include Science. Indian Institute of Science or IIS takes responsibility for this exam and as a responsible institute takes initiative in aiding with the GATE Syllabus for Thermodynamics (XE-E).

GATE Syllabus Section 1: Basic Concepts:


Thermodynamic systems (closed and open); thermodynamic properties and equilibrium; Continuum and macroscopic approach; the zeroth law of thermodynamics; the concept of temperature, state of a system, state postulate for simple compressible substances, state diagrams, paths and processes on state diagrams; concepts of heat and work, different modes of work

Syllabus  for First Law of Thermodynamics:

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The concept of energy and various forms of energy; specific heats; first law applied to elementary processes, closed systems and control volumes, steady and unsteady flow analysis, internal energy, enthalpy.

Section 3: Second Law of Thermodynamics:

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Limitations of the first law of thermodynamics, second law analysis of control volume; availability and irreversibility; concepts of heat engines and heat pumps/refrigerators; the principle of increase of entropy, Carnot cycle and Carnot principles/theorems; thermodynamic temperature scale; Clausius inequality and concept of entropy; microscopic interpretation of entropy, T-s diagrams; third law of thermodynamics, Kelvin-Planck and Clausius statements and their equivalence; reversible and irreversible processes

Section 4: Properties of Pure Substances:

Thermodynamic properties of pure substances in solid, liquid and vapor phases; property tables and charts, ideal and real gases, P-vT behavior of simple compressible substances, phase rule, thermodynamic, compressibility factor and generalized compressibility chart, ideal gas equation of state and van der Waals equation of state; law of corresponding states.

Section 5: Thermodynamic Relations:

T-ds relations, Helmholtz and Gibbs functions, Maxwell relations, Gibbs relations, Joule-Thomson coefficient, adiabatic and isothermal compressibilities, Clapeyron and Clapeyron-Clausius equations, coefficient of volume expansion.

Section 6: Thermodynamic Cycles:

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Air-standard Brayton cycle, Carnot vapor cycle, Rankine reheat cycle, ideal Rankine cycle, air-standard Otto cycle, air-standard Diesel cycle, vapor-compression refrigeration cycle.

GATE Syllabus Section 7: Ideal Gas Mixtures:

properTies of ideal gas mixtures, Dalton’s and Amagat’s laws, specific and relative humidities, adiabatic saturation temperature, air-water vapor mixtures and simple thermodynamic processes involving them; dew point and wet bulb temperature, psychrometric chart.

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